Saturday, May 9, 2015

The New Bosch BME280 (Temp, Humidity, BMP)

Bosch has a new, very accurate all in one sensor chip that does Temperature, Humidity, and Barometric Pressure readings. It's called the BME280. Embedded Adventures has put that chip on a handy breakout board with signal conditioning (MOD-1022) and priced it fairly at $17. It's a 3v I2C unit, so to use it with a Arduino UNO, you will need a bi-directional level shifter, which they also have as the MOD-1003S for an additional $10.

This is the most accurate unit I have found, and is very easy to use. The library and sample code are available on the MOD-1022 page above, and the MOD-1003S level shifter requires no code to use.

There are only 4 wires to connect from the MOD-1022 to the MOD-1003S (VDD -> +3.3v, SCL -> B2), SDA -> B1, Gnd), and 4 wires from the MOD-1003S to the Arduino (+5v, SCL(B2 ->A5), SDA(B1->A4), Gnd). Download and install the library, and upload the example sketch included with the library, and you are on your way (in metric). For US measurements, you will have to convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, and hPa to InHg.

The example sketch communicates with serial defaulting to 115200, so make sure your serial monitor is set accordingly.

See schematic after the code.

Code:

/*

Copyright (c) 2015, Embedded Adventures
All rights reserved.

Contact us at source [at] embeddedadventures.com
www.embeddedadventures.com

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

- Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
  this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

- Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
  notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
  documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

- Neither the name of Embedded Adventures nor the names of its contributors
  may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
  without specific prior written permission.
 
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN 
CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) 
ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF 
THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

*/

// BME280 MOD-1022 weather multi-sensor Arduino demo
// Written originally by Embedded Adventures

#include <BME280_MOD-1022.h>

#include <Wire.h>

// Arduino needs this to pring pretty numbers

void printFormattedFloat(float x, uint8_t precision) {
char buffer[10];

  dtostrf(x, 7, precision, buffer);
  Serial.print(buffer);

}


// print out the measurements

void printCompensatedMeasurements(void) {

float temp, humidity,  pressure, pressureMoreAccurate;
double tempMostAccurate, humidityMostAccurate, pressureMostAccurate;
char buffer[80];

  temp      = BME280.getTemperature();
  humidity  = BME280.getHumidity();
  pressure  = BME280.getPressure();
  
  pressureMoreAccurate = BME280.getPressureMoreAccurate();  // t_fine already calculated from getTemperaure() above
  
  tempMostAccurate     = BME280.getTemperatureMostAccurate();
  humidityMostAccurate = BME280.getHumidityMostAccurate();
  pressureMostAccurate = BME280.getPressureMostAccurate();
  Serial.println("                Good  Better    Best");
  Serial.print("Temperature  ");
  printFormattedFloat(temp, 2);
  Serial.print("         ");
  printFormattedFloat(tempMostAccurate, 2);
  Serial.println();
  
  Serial.print("Humidity     ");
  printFormattedFloat(humidity, 2);
  Serial.print("         ");
  printFormattedFloat(humidityMostAccurate, 2);
  Serial.println();

  Serial.print("Pressure     ");
  printFormattedFloat(pressure, 2);
  Serial.print(" ");
  printFormattedFloat(pressureMoreAccurate, 2);
  Serial.print(" ");
  printFormattedFloat(pressureMostAccurate, 2);
  Serial.println();
}


// setup wire and serial

void setup()
{
  Wire.begin();
  Serial.begin(115200);
}

// main loop

void loop()
{

  uint8_t chipID;
  
  Serial.println("Welcome to the BME280 MOD-1022 weather multi-sensor test sketch!");
  Serial.println("Embedded Adventures (www.embeddedadventures.com)");
  chipID = BME280.readChipId();
  
  // find the chip ID out just for fun
  Serial.print("ChipID = 0x");
  Serial.print(chipID, HEX);
  
 
  // need to read the NVM compensation parameters
  BME280.readCompensationParams();
  
  // Need to turn on 1x oversampling, default is os_skipped, which means it doesn't measure anything
  BME280.writeOversamplingPressure(os1x);  // 1x over sampling (ie, just one sample)
  BME280.writeOversamplingTemperature(os1x);
  BME280.writeOversamplingHumidity(os1x);
  
  // example of a forced sample.  After taking the measurement the chip goes back to sleep
  BME280.writeMode(smForced);
  while (BME280.isMeasuring()) {
    Serial.println("Measuring...");
    delay(50);
  }
  Serial.println("Done!");
  
  // read out the data - must do this before calling the getxxxxx routines
  BME280.readMeasurements();
  Serial.print("Temp=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getTemperature());  // must get temp first
  Serial.print("Humidity=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getHumidity());
  Serial.print("Pressure=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getPressure());
  Serial.print("PressureMoreAccurate=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getPressureMoreAccurate());  // use int64 calculcations
  Serial.print("TempMostAccurate=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getTemperatureMostAccurate());  // use double calculations
  Serial.print("HumidityMostAccurate=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getHumidityMostAccurate()); // use double calculations
  Serial.print("PressureMostAccurate=");
  Serial.println(BME280.getPressureMostAccurate()); // use double calculations
  
  // Example for "indoor navigation"
  // We'll switch into normal mode for regular automatic samples
  
  BME280.writeStandbyTime(tsb_0p5ms);        // tsb = 0.5ms
  BME280.writeFilterCoefficient(fc_16);      // IIR Filter coefficient 16
  BME280.writeOversamplingPressure(os16x);    // pressure x16
  BME280.writeOversamplingTemperature(os2x);  // temperature x2
  BME280.writeOversamplingHumidity(os1x);     // humidity x1
  
  BME280.writeMode(smNormal);
   
  while (1) {
    
    
    while (BME280.isMeasuring()) {


    }
    
    // read out the data - must do this before calling the getxxxxx routines
    BME280.readMeasurements();
    printCompensatedMeasurements();
    
    delay(5000); // do this every 5 seconds
    Serial.println();
  }
}




1 comment:

  1. Can you please tell me if there going to be an Ethernet shield added to this sketch and or 4 x 20 display?
    Thanks

    ReplyDelete

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