Saturday, February 12, 2011

Simple Voltage Dividers

A Voltage Divider is a simple circuit for dividing a higher voltage into a lower voltage without cumbersome transformers, etc. The example shows the proper values of two resistors (in ohms) for obtaining 12v from 120v. Using the formula and calculator below, you can adjust the voltage in, and resistance values, to get the output you desire.

If Vin = 120v, R1 = 9000 Ohms, and R2 = 1000 Ohms:

Vout = (R2 /(R1 + R2))* Vin

Vout = (1000 / 9000 + 1000)) * 120v

Vout = 12v (Calculator)

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